In a 3D animation technique, the required rapid illusion of movement, to be deemed as the true animation is facilitated by the computer software/tools and even the 3D images/models are drawn using it. The entire process can be divided into 3 main phases, such as,
- The modeling phase
As the name indicates, this is the phase where the 3D objects or the models required for a certain scene gets created with the help of various computer software and tools.
- The Layout and Animation phase
Now that the 3D objects or drawings have been created for a scene, they must be now positioned and animated to create the illusion effect, which is taken care in this layout and animation phase.
This is the phase that produces the final end-product or the completed computer graphics, combining the various animated scenes or frames.
Thus, these 3 main steps along with some other procedures are combined carefully to produce that much-favored 3D animation effect, which we enjoy, no matter who we are and what we do.
How is 3D animation different from 2D?
In a 2D animation, we talk only about the two dimensions of an object, or in other words, the objects used in the 2D animation technique can be depicted on a dual axis plane (x-axis, y-axis), whereas, the 3D technique, speaks about the position of the object with respect to the third z-axis too. Therefore, the depth of the object is also considered in the 3D technique, which is why the end animated product is more realistic.
If you still feel hazy about the dissimilarity between these two techniques, then consider the following simple explanation. In a 2D technique, the objects/drawings are represented as ‘flat images’ and hence offer only one perspective, whereas, in a 3D technique, an object is given a multi-dimensional perspective due to the addition of the depth factor, or in other words, you don’t look at the objects as ‘flat images’ rather you consider the shadows, the varying shades in them etc. as how you view them in a real-life scenario. Hence, this 3D technique renders a more realistic approach and therefore, favored by many animators and even the viewers.
3D animation technique is closer to the stop motion technique
It is only common for an ignorant human like us to consider the 3D animation technique so close to the traditional 2D one because, hey, just only one D aka the dimension is considered extra in a 3D technique. But, that is not the case so! A 3D technique is more similar to the ‘stop motion technique’ than the 2D one because except the way how the images or models are produced and handled rest of the fundamental operations aremostly similar.
In a stop motion technique, a model is filmed one frame at a time, and after making the required minute changes, it is again filmed in the same manner. And, all these filmed images are produced in a rapid succession to create the required illusion of motion. This backbreaking process is taken care by the computers and their software in a 3D animation technique and the other fundamental operations remain almost similar to the stop motion one.
The pros of 3D animation technique
- More realistic appeal
You ‘feel’ the animated models in a 3D technique and such is the power of it. Such an appeal is welcomed by the film industry as they can create a more realistic approach to woo the audiences. Also, marketing is made easier and more captivating with this 3D technique.
- Quicker method
Since the operation is controlled by the computer and its software, the end-result is quicker.
- Easier means of communication
Anything explained with the animation technique is easily perceived by the intended audiences and hence, the product development companies can use this 3D technique, which is more appealing to explain about their products’ purpose and working to the common audiences.
Since the entire technique is computer-controlled, the reusability factor is possible here and hence, the 3D models can be used for multiple projects, which naturally reduces the production cost.
The cons of 3D animation
- Imagination is limited
A human’s imagination capacity is certainly greater than a machine and hence, 3D animation technique, controlled by the computer is limited by this factor when compared to the traditional 2D one.
- Simplicity is lost
The charm of simplicity is truly magical, which have been proved in movies that were known for their simple traditional 2D animation techniques that captured people’s hearts. That simplicity factor is seen missing here in this high-end graphic technique.
- Technical errors
Bugs, viruses and other technical glitches are so common with the computers and hence, all these have to be timely checked and controlled.
Where is this 3D animation technique used?
Some of the important industries and sectors that are heavily dependent upon this 3D animation technique are,
- Product manufacturing companies